Varieties of weeping firs and their use
Coniferous trees rightfully occupy one of the leading places in landscape design. The range of fir trees on the market is extensive and in constant demand. Such their popularity is due to unpretentiousness, resistance to aggressive environments, attractive appearance. In addition, thanks to the volatile production of these plants, they are able to purify and disinfect the air. A separate niche among them is occupied by varieties with a decorative weeping crown shape.
Weeping varieties of fir
Today, these forms are not yet widely used in private and communal landings in Russia, but every year they are becoming increasingly popular. Fir weeping varieties are quite diverse, they differ in appearance, height, shape of crowns, color of needles, etc. Their distinctive feature is the unusual, hanging, arrangement of branches, which is why they got the name "weeping" at the dawn of the last century. Their lower tiers, as a rule, are spread on the ground, like a hem.
Did you know? Inside the coniferous forest is always warmer than outside.
They grow well in the sun or in partial shade.
Like all types of pine, weeping spruce trees are not particularly demanding on soils and can grow everywhere except salt marshes (preference should be given to acidic and slightly acidic soils). But in order to grow a beautiful and healthy plant, it is better to plant it on rich garden soils.
Picea omorica (Serbian spruce) Pendula - one of the most beautiful among the "crying" varieties. It has very flexible, quite thick and quite branched asymmetric branches, covered with dark green needles, on the bottom of which there are two wide silver-white stripes. The color of the young and old needles is little distinguishable. Cones are violet-red (in maturity - brown) up to 6 cm in length.
An adult thirty-year-old tree reaches a height of about 10 m with a diameter of 1.5 m. The average annual growth is 8–10 cm. The tree has an average winter hardiness of -26 ...- 29ºC by the standards of coniferous. In landscape design, it is used in single landings, as a tapeworm, in well-viewed places. Landed mainly in large parks.
Picea pungens (spruce) Glauca Pendula. The variety was bred in Holland in 1895.
Very beautiful bright spruce with thin light blue needles. The fairy-tale effect inherent in weeping conifers enhances the curved shape and asymmetric branches. This species does not have a clearly defined trunk and needs a garter to support, which will determine the height of the plant as a whole. It should be borne in mind that this spruce is quite slow-growing (at the age of thirty, its length reaches no more than 8 m).
To limit the desired height, the top of the tree is enough just to trim.
These forms are propagated exclusively by the vaccination method and come to Russia from the markets of Holland, Germany or Poland. The degree of frost resistance is slightly higher than that of the Serbian Pendula - -29 ...- 37ºC. The most spectacular Glauka Pendula looks like a single landing against a lawn. At the same time, experts do not recommend locating other plantations very far from it so that it does not look too lonely. It is very good to arrange a landing by dumping (crumb).
Important! Best of all, the color of the needles of Glauca Pendula manifests itself when planted in a sunny area.
Picea pungens (prickly spruce) Argentea Pendula (Argentea Pendula) It has a silver tint of needles. It has a good growth rate - up to 15–20 cm per year. It is allocated with the increased frost resistance - to -50ºC. Otherwise, the care and design characteristics are similar to the Glauka Pendula spruce.
Picea pungens Glauca Slenderina Pendula. It is distinguished by a much more compact size and a small ability to grow. The shade of needles varies from silver-blue in spring to white-blue in summer. The leading branch of Slenderina grows straight, forming a kind of skirt at the bottom of the trunk. Frost resistance up to -30ºC. The principles of cultivation are similar to those described above.
Did you know? The air in the coniferous forest is several times more sterile than in the deciduous.
Cobra (Picea abies Cobra)
Another unusual sort of weeping spruce. To achieve the maximum decorative effect, it must be attached to the support of the desired size at the beginning of the growing season. After reaching the height, the leading branch will return to the ground and form a wavy mat of serpentine gray-green branches with a diameter of up to 2 m. The tree will resemble a curved cobra. The plant is able to grow up to 50 cm per year. In adulthood, the Cobra shows a characteristic “weeping” vertical branch, creeping to the bottom. Frost resistance - from -29 to -50ºC.
It is recommended to land for the design of the central and ground areas of the landscape.
Inverse (Picea abies Inversa)
This is a slow-growing (up to 20 cm per year) variety. The branches are covered with dark green dense needles that do not change color throughout the year. A peculiar style is given to her by the lack of a central escape. The top falls over.These properties make it ideal for decorating rock gardens, good for ordinary group plantings. It tolerates frosts down to -40ºC. Plant height is regulated by a long stock.
Froburg (Picea abies Frohburg)
This tree has a straight trunk and flowing branches, which are carpeted under a crown. Using a support, it is possible to form an umbrella up to 2 m high. It looks great in a single landing. Winter hardiness is up to -40ºC, but at an early age it can suffer from spring return frosts.
At the beginning of the growing season, Froburg must be protected from sunburn and environmental pollution.
ATAll types of weeping fir have a fabulous effect. Especially good varieties with blue needles. Weeping spruce trees are ideal for creating a multi-level landscape, and also combine perfectly with short perennials and vibrant colors.
Spruce arched structures are very popular. These trees look unusually on the banks of ponds, and the path, seated with unusual conifers, resembles a road to a fairy tale.
The extraordinary flexibility and decorativeness of these firs opens up great opportunities for the flight of your fantasies and their embodiment in design. The unpretentious cultivation of these plants allows you to use them everywhere. However, to create a fairy garden, it is necessary to apply the art of formation and hard work in the first years of life of these conifers.