Thuja western Pyramidilis Compact
Many gardeners who are engaged in landscape design are looking for different ways to decorate the site. For these purposes, it is ideal to plant a thawed variety of Pyramidilis Compact. It is characterized by resistance to frost, as well as unpretentious care. This article will discuss the basic rules of agricultural technology of this culture.
To decorate their garden, many farmers cultivate the western thuja cultivars of Pyramidilis Compacta on the site.
The description of the variety is as follows:
- the tree grows up to 10 m throughout life;
- crown diameter of about 4 m;
- it is narrowly conical or pyramidal;
- the shoots are short and tightly pressed against each other;
- the needles are large, light green in color, there is a slight sheen on the surface, in winter it can become brown;
- annual growth is 20 cm;
- life expectancy - at least 140 years.
Winter hardiness of Pyramidilis Compact is high. Plants can survive frosts reaching -40 ° C. A distinctive feature of this variety is that the tree can consist of 2-3 tops.
Did you know? From Latin “Thuja” is translated as “incense”. This is explained by the fact that in ancient times this tree was used for burning during a sacrifice to the gods.
In landscape design
A species of Pyramidalis Compacta is very often used to decorate a garden.. If you plant plants throughout the flowerbed, you can create the appearance of coniferous forest. Some gardeners prefer to place the crop near the terraces, so that in the summer shrubs create the optimal shade for relaxation.Most often, thuy pyramidilis compacta varieties are grown as hedges. These fluffy and tall bushes are able to hide from prying eyes everything that is in the yard. To make the fence beautiful, it is necessary to trim dry branches in a timely manner and form a crown. So you extend the life of the plant and maintain the aesthetics of the garden.
Well, this decorative variety of thuja combines with various flower beds and bushes. Nearby you can plant ferns, lilies, barberries and tulips. Using red, yellow, or purple hues will help create contrast with the green shrubs.
In order for the tree to grow quickly and correctly develop, it is necessary to adhere to all the rules for planting. Over the years of cultivation of this crop, simple planting recommendations have been identified that are easy to follow.
First of all, gardening experts advise you to choose the best place for planting. After this, you need to decide on the seedlings and prepare the site. Only after all the preparatory steps can you begin the procedure of planting.
Video: How to get the thuja fence of the right size
Planting should be started when in the spring the soil warms up to a temperature of + 12 ° C. It is better to choose planting material in the fall, in order to have time to prepare it for planting in a permanent place.
Important! Try to buy seedlings in high-quality nurseries, where plants are stored in the right conditions, or prepare them yourself by the method of cuttings.
If you want to grow a seedling yourself, the essence of the method is that first, shoots are cut from a healthy shrub (length about 10 cm). After that, they need to be divided in half at an angle of 45 ° C. Cuttings are placed in clean water for 6 weeks. When small root processes are formed on them, seedlings are planted in containers. Depth of landing is about 2 cm at a distance of 5 cm. After 2-3 months, if stored in a warm and well-ventilated area, you will have healthy seedlings.. Also, do not forget to water them weekly and cover them with plastic wrap during a cold snap.
If you are going to buy planting material in a nursery, then take into account the following features:
- optimum height - no more than 1 m;
- age - 1-2 years;
- developed root system;
- the absence of cracks and signs of the disease (spots, white coating) on the roots and trunk.
Thuja cultivars Pyramidilis Compacta prefers to grow in well-lit areas. The only caveat is that during the active sun (noon), the plant should be in the shade. Excessive natural light can cause burns on needles. The tree develops well in partial shade. In this case, the maximum height of the bush will be 7 m. Choose places that protect trees from strong gusts of wind (fences, walls of buildings). Especially young arborvitae often deform in regular windy weather.
Important! Given that this species is able to tolerate transplants well, in case of an error, you can always plant one or another bush in another place.
The plant prefers to grow on moist and well-fertilized loam. The optimum pH of the soil is 6–8. Therefore, a month before the proposed landing, humus or horse manure should be brought to the site. 15 kg of organic fertilizer are used per 1 m².
Before this, the site is dug up and all weed roots are removed, which can slow down the development of the root system of the future planting. This will allow nutrients to better penetrate the soil. 3-4 days before planting, again remove all weeds and mark the area.
The distance between the holes must be at least 1.5 m. Choose the space between the rows yourself, but make sure that the bushes do not intertwine.
Video: How to plant a coniferous plant
Landing technology is as follows:
- Dig holes. Depth should depend on the size of the roots. The best option is 90 cm.
- At the bottom, pour broken stone (brick) or expanded clay. Thus, you can create an optimal drainage system, thanks to which moisture will not be retained in the ground.
- Sprinkle the stone with a nutritious soil mixture. You can buy it in a store or make it yourself. It is enough to mix peat, river sand and turf in the ratio 1: 1: 2.
- Pour 5 liters of water into the well and wait until it is completely absorbed.
- Place the seedling inside and spread the roots. Leave the root neck above the surface of the earth.
- Sprinkle with earth and tamp.
- Pour 10 liters of water.
After the planting is completed, it is important to ensure that the Pyramidilis Compact varieties are properly maintained. Not only the appearance of the plant depends on this, but also its winter hardiness and the immune system.
Watering and feeding crops is the basis of care. Also, one should not forget about loosening the soil, pruning and protection for the winter. If everything is done correctly, the plants will develop without problems.
Watering and feeding
Young, recently planted shrubs need careful care. If you live in the central or northern part of the country, then watering is carried out at intervals of 1 time in 7 days. Pour at least 10 liters of water under each bush. In the southern regions, where the summers are very hot, you should irrigate the area twice a week, using 20 liters of liquid per thaw. Mature trees are watered 2 times a month. Under each shrub pour 20 liters of water. You can also conduct surface irrigation of the plant, that is, with a hose to water the needles. This will remove dust and all pests.
Top dressing is applied 2 times per season. In spring, it is recommended to use "Nitroammofosku" (100 g per 5 l of water). The entire volume is poured under one plant. In the fall, mineral fertilizers are used (50 g of superphosphate or 30 g of potassium nitrate for each bush).
Loosening and mulching
Loosen the topsoil every week.The depth of weeding should be about 10 cm. Also, loosening should be carried out before each watering and top dressing. This will allow nutrients and water to better penetrate the soil and nourish it.
Did you know? Thuja wood is used in shipbuilding for decoration of holds, as it is durable and not prone to decay.
Mulching is carried out in the fall. The procedure is as follows:
- Loose near-stem circle of the plant.
- Organic matter is introduced (8 kg of horse or cow manure per 1 plant).
- Pour 10 liters of water.
- Cover the trunk circle with fallen leaves or sawdust. The optimal height of the mulch should be 10 cm.
Shelter for the winter
Only young plants need shelter for the winter. Transparent materials (to preserve the photosynthesis process) are covered with seedlings whose age is not more than 2 years.
Adult plants only need to be bundled. This is necessary so that the branches do not break off during heavy snowfalls.
Trimming and Shaping
Need to form a crown every year. To do this, in the spring, in the middle or end of March, it is necessary to shorten the shoots by 1/3 of the length. It is also worth cutting off the kidneys, which spoil the general appearance, that is, those that are too close to each other. The absence of such actions is fraught with the fact that the crown will become very dense and a sufficient amount of sunlight cannot penetrate inside.
Sanitary pruning is carried out at the same time as the shaping. It is necessary to cut off the diseased and affected by a disease or frost branches. If this is not done, then the disease will spread throughout the tree, which will contribute to its early death.
So, now you know that growing thuja varieties of Pyramidilis Compacta at home is not a difficult task. If you study all the features of planting and care in advance, then in 6-8 years beautiful and lush plants will grow on your site.